In Ancient Egypt, there were many jobs for the people to do. There were bakers, scribes, priests, noblemen, soldiers, farmers, and many others. I am going to tell you about three different types of jobs in Ancient Egypt.
Scribes were very important in Egypt. They were very important because the government in Ancient Egypt recorded a lot of legal and business documents. One of the reasons they had a written language was because they wanted to start recording information. A lot of parents wanted to send their kids to scribal school where they could learn to read and write. This would allow them to enter the government of royal services and become rich and powerful.
The pharaoh got the rich peasants to do the farm work on the rich lands. The peasants worked as either reapers or gleaners. The reapers went through the fields first and they did work such as plowing the field to loosen the dirt for the seeds to go in or they would winnow.Winnowing means to get the debris off of grain. Egyptian farmers grew some foods such as fig trees and wheat and barley. There were two seasons that affected farming: growing season and harvest season. In the harvest season you may not have been able to harvest the wheat you wanted because your landlord may have made you cut his first. The soil in Egypt was very fertile and easy to dig with your tools. There was only one soil that the Egyptians used. Well they reused the soil. Every year when the flood came the water went over the fields and it saturated the soil. When the floods went down there would be a fresh bunch of mud which was excellent soil to plant seeds in after it had been plowed. Ancient Egyptian farmers used the same soil for every field. Ancient Egyptians had simple farming tools such as winnowing scoops, mattocks, flint-bladed sickles and plows. The Egyptian plow had a small blade on it that didn’t cut very deep which was fine because the soil was fertile. To water your crops you would need to have a canal connected to a river. To lift the water from the canal you would have a shaduf. A shaduf is a large pole balanced on a crossbeam, a rope and bucket on one end and a heavy counter weight at the other. By pulling the rope it lowered the bucket into the Nile. The counterweight would raise the bucket. The farmer would then carry the bucket to the field and water it.
Egypt was one of the wealthiest countries in the ancient world. Egyptian merchants – who were more like traders – carried products such as gold, papyrus made into writing paper or twisted into rope, linen cloth, and jewelry to other countries. In exchange, they brought back cedar and ebony wood, elephant tusks, panther skins, giraffe tails for fly whisks, and animals such as baboons and lions for the temples or palaces.
Page By: Haley Reynoldson